Why does the needle keep breaking?

Why does a needle break in a sewing machine? There can be several reasons for one of the most frequent breakdowns during sewing. Most often, it’s about:

  • incorrect installation of the needle;
  • wrong choice of the needle.

However, there may be more serious reasons. Let’s look at possible options for problems and ways to solve them.

Broken needles on a sewing machine

Reason #1: Wrong choice of needle

The mismatch between the size (thickness) of the needle and the density of the fabric that is selected for sewing can lead to needle breakage. A thin needle for silk or knitwear will not withstand working with tarpaulin or leather.

This should also include the erroneous installation of needles for industrial equipment and overlock in a household machine. Such needles have different bulb shape and special markings.

Solution. Always select a needle according to the type and weight of the fabric!

Reason #2: Incorrect needle placement

If the needle is not pushed all the way into the needle bar during installation, its overall length will increase and it will break on the hook. Turning the needle in the other direction can also lead to breakage.

Before installation, be sure to check if the needle is bent! A twisted rod will not provide a quality stitch and may break at any time.

Solution. Before work, make sure the quality of the needle and its correct installation.

Reason #3: sewing machine problems

In some cases, the presser foot may be the cause of the breakage. If it is not securely fixed at the attachment point, in some difficult areas with differences in the thickness of the material, the foot may move to the side and fall under the needle, causing it to break.

On some machines, the needle bar may also be loose.

Solution. Check the location of the foot. Be sure to tighten all screws with a screwdriver. If you buy a non-original foot, be sure to check with the seller for possible compatibility with your sewing machine.

Reason #4: bugs with threads

The upper thread must be threaded according to the instructions. The degree of its tension should also be controlled, since too much tension, especially when sewing with reinforced threads, can break the needle.

Solution. Check the threading of the upper thread and its tension. On average, when the foot is lowered, the thread pulled out of the needle should be pulled out with a little effort by hand.

Reason #4: Wrong Sewing Technique

Sometimes the seamstress can literally “pull” the fabric from under the presser foot, instead of just holding and guiding the product slightly. The needle can easily be bent or even broken if handled this way.

Solution. If the fabric is difficult to move under the presser foot, adjust the presser foot pressure or the height of the feed dog teeth (if applicable).

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