Sewing Machine Care: How to Clean and Oil

Sewing Machine Care: How to Clean and Oil

The care of the sewing machine includes, first of all, cleaning and lubricating. If you perform them on time, at regular intervals, the mechanism of the equipment will last longer and the machine will work better. Next, consider the details of servicing a household sewing machine.

During sewing, the bobbin compartment is most polluted, where scraps of thread and lint of materials fall, which can impede the movement of the bobbin. It is recommended to clean the shuttle every month. Before work, you should carefully study the instructions for the machine, and prepare a brush or brush with a hard bristle and a piece of a soft cloth.

Recommended Service Interval

It is the frequency at which maintenance for the machine’s shuttle machine is directly influenced by the amount of load it is expected to endure. It is the frequency that cleaning, lubrication, and washing is determined by the manufacturer during working hours. In the home, it’s not profitable to measure the amount of time employed, and there’s no reason to do this. So, we’ll work using the following rules:

  • For those who sew often (more than 3-4 times a week) – once every 7-10 days;
  • For those who sew infrequently (1-2 times a week) – once every 30 days.

The shuttle maintenance and the full machine maintenance aren’t identical. Even if you regularly clean and lubricate the bobbin of your machine but it’s not an alternative to full maintenance.

Full maintenance is carried out with the dismantling of the machine body.

 Frequency of maintenance of the machine:

  • For those who sew often (more than 3-4 times a week) – once a year;
  • For those who sew infrequently (1-2 times a week) – once every two years.

If you only sew often, maintenance intervals should not be missed. Failure to maintain your machine for an extended period of time can result in a machine breakdown.

Cleaning and Lubricating the Vertical Hook

Vertical swing shuttles require more maintenance and cleaning, regardless of the brand. The operating principles that operate the shuttle vertically are the same for all sewing machines of any manufacturer, whether it’s Singer, Brother, Jaguar or Janome, Elna, or New Home. Therefore, the guidelines for cleaning and lubricating the machine will be applicable to all. So:

  1.  Take out the bobbin case.

 2.  Move the latches (in most machines, black plastic ones) left-to-left, right-to-right.

3. Remove the locking ring, and take out the crescent shuttle. 

It is crucial to clean the grooves on the body of the shuttle thoroughly from dirt and dust. This is the area where the shuttle spins. After cleaning, grease the shuttle’s grooves body using oil, 4 drops on both sides.

Use only specialized sewing machine oil. Other oils, including motor, food, medical, and lubrication is strictly prohibited. Otherwise, it may damage the machine.

Assembly is carried out in reverse order

Important: when assembling the vertical hook, the needle bar with the needle must be in the up position. The crescent pusher of the shuttle and the crescent moon of the shuttle should look at each other (until a full circle).

After assembly, prior to pressing the pedal to spin the flywheel. It should spin smoothly. With no effort or other noises. When you can hear a sound or knock or the wheel doesn’t turn at all, then the shuttle has not been assembled properly. It should be taken apart and then reassembled in accordance with the instructions.

Cleaning and Lubricating the Horizontal Hook

Maintenance for the horizontal shuttle is simpler. The operation principle for the horizontal shuttle is different from the vertical and permits you to extend intervals between maintenance. However, don’t forget the care recommendations..

1. Unscrew the screws on the needle plate and remove it.

2. Remove the bobbin insert (liner) – the part where the bobbin is laid (in most machines, it is plastic, black).

3.  clean the dirt and dust between the teeth of the fabric conveyor, as well as under the bobbin case.  drip 1-2 drops of oil into the places marked with arrows in the picture above. 

Assembly is carried out in reverse order.

  • For work, you require the right machine oil sewing machines.
  •  Lubrication is carried out in conjunction with cleaning. Alongside the space for shuttles, it is possible to work on the components that are hidden beneath the top part of the cover.
  • A maximum of two drops of oil are required in each assembly on the system!
  • After the lubrication process is complete, the machine needs to be cleaned to eliminate any oil traces and then a few unneeded patches must be pulled together and stitched so that the fabric doesn’t get oily.
  • Regular cleaning and, if needed Lubrication of the major parts is the most crucial aspect of maintaining the sewing machine in your home.

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