Can you Catch aids HIV by Sewing Needle?

Possible transmission of HIV by sewing needles?

I live with a relative who has HIV, my doubt is that if I accidentally prick myself with a SEWING or SPINNING NEEDLE with which he has also been pricked, am I at risk of contracting the infection? And if he pricked himself with a needle and for a period of time of perhaps 3 to 4 days or more. I also accidentally stick myself with that same needle, would I be at great risk of infection? 

It’s that I got a prick a few days ago with a sewing needle that was kept in my house and I don’t know if it was in contact with it or if it was pricked.

It is extremely unlikely since HIV does not survive at room temperature. It has been established that the risk of HIV transmission through a sewing needle is almost zero, being 0.03% and the blood of the person with HIV who has been pricked with it must be fresh.

Infection factors

The main factors contributing to the development of the disease are distinguished:

  • Injection drug use, where multiple people use the same syringe. In such situations, the risk of contracting HIV from a needle stick is high enough;
  • Conducting a promiscuous sexual life, characterized by a large number of sexual relationships and unprotected sexual intercourse, prostitution. This behavior contributes to the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and is the main way HIV is transmitted from an infected partner;
  • Transfusion of untested donor blood and its components;
  • Violation of safety rules when performing manipulations with infected patients. Health care workers may accidentally prick themselves with a syringe, or negligently prick another patient with a used needle;
  • The presence of concomitant infectious and venereal diseases. Often, such conditions occur without any symptoms, the lack of timely treatment affects the decrease in the body’s immunity and increases its susceptibility to the virus.

However, the presence of these factors does not always lead to infection. In situations, for example, when a person is pricked with a needle from an HIV patient, the likelihood of developing the disease depends on:

  • The volume of blood in the needle;
  • The number of pathological cells that entered the body through a puncture;
  • The period of time elapsed since the injection by an infected person;
  • How to use the syringe: for injection or blood sampling.

According to statistics, the main ways of transmission of infection in 2017. in the Russian Federation were:

  1. Sexual contacts – more than 52%;
  2. Injection drugs – more than 46%.

What precautions should be taken when handling needles and sharp or pointed instruments?

  • If there is a risk of splashing, wear a mask and goggles.
  • Use puncture-proof containers for the disposal of needles and sharp or pointed instruments.
  • Use leak-proof, resealable containers with a mark indicating the fill limit.
  • Do not recap, bend, break or remove disposable syringe needles by hand or otherwise handle after use.

How to proceed with decontamination and disposal of waste?

  • Disinfect or sterilize medical instruments or devices according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Clean instruments thoroughly before disinfecting them with a germicide or medical-grade disinfectant.
  • Incinerate or autoclave infectious waste before disposal.
  • Most provinces and territories in Canada have developed guidelines or regulations for the management of biomedical waste. Check the provisions in force in the province or territory concerned.

How do I clean up spilled blood and body fluids?

  • Remove all visible equipment from patient care areas and decontaminate.
  • Wipe up blood or body fluids with absorbent paper towels. Dispose of paper towels according to hospital policy.
  • Nettoyer l’aire en utilisant un désinfectant de qualité médicake.

FAQ

Can I get an infection from a sewing needle?

A sewing needle is a needle used to stitch fabric. A hypodermic needle is a specialized type of sewing needle used for injecting substances into the body; these needles are usually made of metal and have a hollow, cylindrical shaft. A nail gun uses small nails that are fired from a spring-loaded mechanism; it is not technically considered a sharp.

Sewing needles can be made of steel, aluminum, plastic, or bamboo, and in most cases, they cannot infect someone with an infection because their surfaces are too smooth.

However, if someone has recently injected themselves with an illegal drug using the same needle, there is a chance that blood from their skin could enter the eye or wound of someone who gets close enough to them. This can cause infection by way of exposure to blood-borne viruses like hepatitis B and C or HIV.

What are the chances of getting HIV from a needle?

The risk of getting HIV from a needle stick injury is less than 1%. The risk of exposure from direct skin contact with the fluid is less than 0.1%. The risk of infection from a human bite is between 0.1% and 1%.

What happens if a sewing needle goes into your body?

A sewing needle goes into your body and you don’t know what to do.

Generally, the wound is cleaned with soap and water. If the needle is still visible in the wound, it is removed with forceps or tweezers, but it can be difficult if it goes deep into the tissue. If it is not visible, for example, if it has already penetrated under the skin, then anesthesia will be given before the area is pushed up gently to see if the needle moves through the tissue.

It’s important to look for signs of infection in the wound. These include redness, swelling, pain that gets worse after a few days, pus coming from the wound, or a temperature that’s higher than normal. If any of these appear, contact a doctor straight away.

Summary

HIV can only be transmitted from human to human by the exchange of bodily fluids. It is highly unlikely that anyone could catch HIV from a sewing needle because the virus does not survive long enough on any surface to be passed on given proper protection against needles.

Furthermore, the blood of someone who has been pricked must be fresh to have any chance of transmission. Be careful to avoid these situations and you won’t have anything to worry about it.

This is usually caused by the use of a dirty needle while injecting drugs. The risk of getting an AIDS disease by sharing a needle with someone who has AIDS is very small compared with the risk of getting it by having unprotected sex with an already infected person.

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